Integrate Your Tapo Cameras into an Existing NVR or NAS with ONVIF and RTSP

Released On: 2024-04-11 00:13:18Last update time: 2024-04-11 00:13:18

 

Getting Started with ONVIF and RTSP

Most cameras from Tapo that are designed to use a hardwired power connection, whether through Micro-USB, USB-C, or an AC Adapter, are compatible with RTSP and ONVIF – allowing you to use them to monitor your home from outside of the Tapo ecosystem.

 

What is RTSP?

RTSP, or Real Time Streaming Protocol, is used to manage and distribute media streams within a network environment. This protocol is not exclusively reserved for cameras, and is often used for streaming media and videos throughout your network. RTSP also provides a baseline functionality for controlling a media stream (play, pause, resume).

 

What is ONVIF?

ONVIF (Open Network Video Interface Forum) is an organization working to provide seamless and interoperable video streams on your network. RTSP is one of the underlying technologies and standards used to provide ONVIF, which allows for increased control and monitoring of your cameras, rather than simply providing a video stream on your network. (RTSP is the Video Stream on Your Local Network; ONVIF is the Protocol Used for Managing and Interacting with IP Cameras)

We recommend checking out the Homepage for ONVIF at www.onvif.org  for details on the features and goals of ONVIF – as they encompass more than simple Smart Home cameras and NVRs.

 

Learn How to Configure the RTSP Streams for your Tapo Cameras in our FAQ

(including Ports and both HQ and LQ streams):

 

How to View a Tapo Camera on a PC through RTSP (VLC Media Player)

 

Looking to Purchase a Camera with RTSP or ONVIF?

ONVIF and RTSP are only available on Tapo Cameras with a wired power connection (not including solar connections). Please ensure you check your device’s user guide and data sheet for ONVIF/RTSP compatibility before purchasing a camera for use with RTSP.

For more information about device and feature compatibility (such as Event Handling, Audio Passthrough, and Pan Tilt Control), please see the official documentation on the official list of conformant products on the ONVIF site. In general, your camera will be able to provide the video stream, along with a few basic controls, such as Pan-Tilt Control.

Note: Some devices may not be listed on the official site despite working with the features, as devices may follow the ONVIF specification but are still awaiting official certification from the organization.

See our Full Lineup of Tapo Cameras Here

 

General Questions:

Why do not all TP-Link Cameras Support RTSP or ONVIF?

As a rule of thumb, if the camera is battery-powered the device will not be using ONVIF/RTSP to help save power and extend its battery life.

If these features were added to battery cameras, you could expect to see a dramatically short battery life – potentially bringing the Expected year-long battery life, down to a few days or weeks.

Please Note: Only Tapo Cameras currently support ONVIF/RTSP are kept secure by limiting API and network access to your devices and cameras.

 

What type/profile of ONVIF compatibility do Tapo Cameras support?

This information is available on the list of conformant products on the ONVIF page or on your product’s datasheet. Most Tapo cameras will take advantage of ONVIF Profile S.

The features that come with each Tapo camera through this profile will vary, so it is important to check the ONVIF specification page for a list of supported features, such as Pan-Tilt Control or Audio Recording.

 

Where can I find the RTSP or ONVIF login credentials for my Tapo Camera?

The login used for RTSP and ONVIF is Different from the Login used for the Tapo App. You will need to configure the camera account feature in the Tapo App with a new Username and Password.

See the following FAQ for more information on where to find the setting:

How can I connect my Tapo camera to a NAS or NVR?

 

Should I Consider using RTSP or ONVIF?

ONVIF will take advantage of RTSP Network Streams to provide additional controls for your devices. If possible, you will want to look for ONVIF compatibility, otherwise, many NVR Systems can take advantage of the RTSP video stream.

 

What Network Ports are Need to use RTSP and ONVIF?

ONVIF Service Port: 2020

RTSP Service Port: 554

 

What is the Address of the RTSP Streams?

High-Quality Stream 1:  rtsp://IP Address/stream1

For Low-Quality Stream 2:  rtsp:// IP Address/stream2

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TP-Link @ CES’24

This year at CES, we also showcased our Tapo H500 Smart Hub, which takes advantage of the ONVIF and RTSP streams to create both an NVR and control hub for your Tapo devices and cameras.

 

Learn More about the Tapo H500 on our Early Spotlight Page from CES

Stay Tuned for More Information!

 

Note on Compatibility with Wired and Kasa Cameras:

ONVIF will use the camera's 24/7 Video Recording, Event Detection, and Network Connections. Due to these increased requirements and power usage, ONVIF and RTSP are only compatible with non-battery powered cameras from Tapo – meaning the cameras will always have a consistent source of power, whether through Micro-USB, USB-C, AC Adapter, or PoE. Please Note: Only Tapo Cameras currently support ONVIF/RTSP are kept secure by limiting API and network access to your devices and cameras.

Please see your Device’s Specifications or Data Sheet for Detailed Information on Model, Feature and Version Compatibility.

 

Related:

How can I connect my Tapo camera to a NAS or NVR?

ONVIF Conformant Products

How to View a Tapo Camera on a PC through RTSP (VLC Media Player)

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Comment

I have a few questions, would be nice if you could provide some insights:

 

Regarding basic Wifi cameras: I would like to understand the traffic behavior.

  1. What is the traffic path when camera feed is viewed in the Tapo app?
  2. Is there a negotiation between the Tapo app and the camera to determine if local network connectivity exists? Or does it always hairpin through Tapo servers?

 

Regarding IP cameras:

  1. What protocol is used to send the camera feed to the NVR? Is it proprietary? Is the data encrypted?
  2. In the absence of NVR, can an Android tablet be used as an always-on screen to watch live stream?
  3. Are the cameras capable of streaming to multiple devices on the local network? 

 

 

I would appreciate if you could answer all of the above questions as they would help me make the right choices in terms of buying camera/NVR models.

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